Municipalities are composed of a complex system of public and private infrastructures all comprising natural resources, technical and social institutions essential to a municipality’s supply and disposal. Infrastructures and their sectors can be differentiated into three fields: 1. Technical infrastructures with the sectors electricity, heat, cold, transportation, water, wastewater and waste; 2. (Near) Natural infrastructures with the sectors green and blue infrastructure, i.e. green building envelopes or water bodies; 3. Social infrastructures with the sectors education, health, culture, sports, leisure, etc. Operators of infrastructures are facing great challenges having to adapt these systems to demographic developments, climate change, strengthened regulatory requirements, etc.
COOPERATIVE develops viable infrastructure concepts mainly in the area of technical and (near) natural infrastructures. In this light, coupling of different sectors such as the use of stormwater (waste sector) for the irrigation of urban green (green infrastructure sector) or the heat recovery from wastewater (wastewater sector) for hot water supply or space heating (heat sector) is gaining importance.